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Dale Chihuly. Over the course of five decades, Chihuly has explored new and old techniques, pushing the boundaries of contemporary art. He draws inspiration from the world around him, creating statements using color and form to capture the imagination, and catapult beyond conventional ideas of function and beauty.

For a list of our papers, how many times they have been cited by other papers, and the specific papers citing our papers, please see GoogleScholar.

For a list of our papers in reverse chronological order, please see PubMed.

The colored-ring badges below are Altmetric scores for the paper directly below. This widely used (by publishers) metric is complementary to traditional, citation-based metrics. They can include (but are not limited to) peer reviews on Faculty of 1000, citations on Wikipedia and in public policy documents, discussions on research blogs, mainstream media coverage, bookmarks on reference managers like Mendeley, and mentions on social networks such as Twitter.

Note 1: The papers listed below are merely some, but certainly not all, relevant papers in the field of basic motor neuroscience and brain-computer interfaces.

Note 2: Clicking on the Altmetric ring-badges below goes to that paper's Almetric page which has a link to the paper on the publisher's page.

Some select BCI journal papers from other groups

Flesher SN, Downey JE, Weiss JM, Hughes CL, Herrera AJ, Tyler-Kabara EC, Boninger ML, Collinger JL, Gaunt RA (2021) A brain-computer interface that evokes tactile sensations improves robotic arm control. Science 372:831–836.

Anumanchipalli GK, Chartier J, Chang EF (2019) Speech synthesis from neural decoding of spoken sentences. Nature 568:493–498.

Ajiboye AB, Willett FR, Young DR, Memberg WD, Murphy BA, Miller JP, Walter BL, Sweet JA, Hoyen HA, Keith MW, Peckham PH, Simeral JD, Donoghue JP, Hochberg LR, Kirsch RF (2017) Restoration of reaching and grasping movements through brain-controlled muscle stimulation in a person with tetraplegia: a proof-of-concept demonstration. Lancet 389:1821–1830.

Flesher SN, Collinger JL, Foldes ST, Weiss JM, Downey JE, Tyler-Kabara EC, Bensmaia SJ, Schwartz AB, Boninger ML, Gaunt RA (2016) Intracortical microstimulation of human somatosensory cortex. Science Translational Medicine 8:361ra141.

Collinger JL, Wodlinger B, Downey JE, Wang W, Tyler-Kabara EC, Weber DJ, McMorland AJC, Velliste M l., Boninger ML, Schwartz AB (2013) High-performance neuroprosthetic control by an individual with tetraplegia. Lancet 381:557–564.

Hochberg LR, Bacher D l., Jarosiewicz B, Masse NY, Simeral JD, Vogel J, Haddadin S, Liu J, Cash SS, van der Smagt P, Donoghue JP (2012) Reach and grasp by people with tetraplegia using a neurally controlled robotic arm. Nature 485:372–375.

O’Doherty JE, Lebedev MA, Ifft PJ, Zhuang KZ, Shokur S, Bleuler H, Nicolelis MAL (2011) Active tactile exploration using a brain–machine–brain interface. Nature 479:228–231.

Ganguly K, Carmena JM (2009) Emergence of a stable cortical map for neuroprosthetic control. PLoS Biol 7:e1000153.

Velliste M, Perel S, Spalding MC, Whitford AS, Schwartz AB (2008) Cortical control of a prosthetic arm for self-feeding. Nature 453:1098–1101.

Moritz CT, Perlmutter SI, Fetz EE (2008) Direct control of paralysed muscles by cortical neurons. Nature 456:639–642.

Hochberg LR, Serruya MD, Friehs GM, Mukand JA, Saleh M, Caplan AH, Branner A, Chen D, Penn RD, Donoghue JP (2006) Neuronal ensemble control of prosthetic devices by a human with tetraplegia. Nature 442:164–171.

Carmena JM, Lebedev MA, Crist RE, O’Doherty JE, Santucci DM, Dimitrov DF, Patil PG, Henriquez CS, Nicolelis MAL (2003) Learning to control a brain--machine interface for reaching and grasping by primates. PLoS Biol 1:193

Taylor DM, Tillery SIH, Schwartz AB (2002) Direct cortical control of 3D neuroprosthetic devices. Science 296:1829–1832.

Serruya MD, Hatsopoulos NG, Paninski L, Fellows MR, Donoghue JP (2002) Instant neural control of a movement signal. Nature 416:141–142.

Wessberg J, Stambaugh CR, Kralik JD, Beck PD, Laubach M, Chapin JK, Kim J, Biggs SJ, Srinivasan MA, Nicolelis MA (2000) Real-time prediction of hand trajectory by ensembles of cortical neurons in primates. Nature 408:361–365.

Some select basic neuroscience journal papers from other groups

Todorov E, Jordan MI (2002) Optimal feedback control as a theory of motor coordination. Nature Neuroscience 5:1226–1235.

Journal papers from our group


137. Willett FR, Avansino DT, Hochberg LR, Henderson JM*, Shenoy KV* (2021) High-performance brain-to-text communication via imagined handwriting. Nature. 593:249-254.

136. Deo DR, Rezaii PG, Hochberg LR,  Okamura AM, Shenoy KV*,  Henderson JM* (2021) Effects of peripheral haptic feedback on Intracortical brain-computer interface control and associated sensory responses in motor cortex. IEEE Transactions on Haptics.

135. Simeral JD, Hosman T, Saab J, Flesher SN, Vilela M, Franco B, Kelemen J, Brandman DM, Ciancibello JG, Rezaii PG, Rosler DM, Shenoy KV**, Henderson JM**, Nurmikko AV, Hochberg LR (2021) Home use of a wireless intracortical brain-computer interface by individuals with tetraplegia. IEEE Transactions in Biomedical Engineering. In press.

134. Trautmann EM*, O'Shea DJ*, Sun X*, Marshel JH, Crow A, Hsueh B, Vesuna S, Cofer L, Bohner G, Allen W, Kauvar I, Quirin S, MacDougall M, Chen Y, Whitmire M, Ramakrishnan C, Sahani M, Seidemann E, Ryu SI, Deisseroth K**, Shenoy KV** (2021) Dendritic calcium signals in rhesus macaque motor cortex drive an optical brain-computer interface. Nature Communications. In press.

133. Shenoy KV, Kao JC (2021) Measurement, manipulation and modeling of brain-wide neural population dynamics. Invited Commentary. Nature Communications. 12:633.

132. Rastogi A, Willett FR, Abreu J, Crowder DC, Murphy B, Memberg WD, Vargas-Irwin CE, Miller JP, Sweet J, Walter BL, Rezaii PG, Stavisky SD, Hochberg LR, Shenoy KV, Henderson JM, Kirsch RF, Ajiboye AB (2021) The neural representation of force across grasp types in motor cortex of humans with tetraplegia. eNeuro.

131. Peixoto D*, Verhein JR*, Kiani R, Kao JC, Nuyujukian P, Chandrasekaran C, Brown J, Fong S, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV, Newsome WT (2021) Decoding and perturbing decision states in real time. Nature. 589:604-609.


130. Al Borno M, Vyas S, Shenoy KV, Delp SL (2020) High-fidelity musculoskeletal modeling reveals a motor planning contribution to the speed-accuracy tradeoff. eLife. 9:e57021.

129. Wilson GH*, Stavisky SD*, Willett FR, Avansino DT, Kelemen JN, Hochberg LR, Henderson JM**, Druckmann S,** Shenoy KV** (2020) Decoding spoken English phonemes from intracortical electrode arrays in dorsal precentral gyrus. Journal of Neural Engineering. 17:066007

128. Tremblay S, Acker L, Afraz A, Albaugh DL, Amita H, Andrei AR, Angelucci A, Aschner A, Balan PF, Basso MA, Benvenuti G, Bohlen MO, Caiola MJ, Calcedo R, Cavanaugh J, Chen Y,  Chen S, Chernov MM, Clark AM, Debes SR, Deisseroth K, Desimone R, Dragoi V, Egger SW, Eldridge M, El-Nahal HG, Fabbrini F, Federer F , Fetsch CR, Fortuna MG, Friedman RM, Fujii N, Gail A, Galvan A, Ghosh S, Gieselmann MA, Gulli RA, Hikosaka O, Hosseini EA, Hu X, Hüer J, Inoue K, Janz R, Jazayeri M, Jiang R, Ju N, Kar K, Klein C, Kohn A, Komatsu M, Maeda K, Martinez-Trujillo JC, Matsumoto M, Maunsell JHR, Mendoza-Halliday D, Monosov IE, Muers RS, Nurminen L, Ortiz-Rios M, O’Shea DJ, Palfi S, Petkov CI, Pojoga S, Rajalingham R, Ramakrishnan C, Remington ED, Revsine C, Roe AW, Sabes PN, Saunders R, Scherberger H, Schmid MC, Schultz W, Seidemann E, Senova Y-S, Shadlen MN, Siu C, Smith Y, Solomon SS, Sommer MA, Spudich JL,  Stauffer WR, Takada M, Tang S, Thiele A, Treue S, Vanduffel W, Vogels R, Whitmire MP, Wichmann T, Wurtz RH, Xu H, Yazdan-Shahmorad A,  Shenoy KV, DiCarlo J, Platt ML (2020) An open resource for non-human primate optogenetics. Neuron. 1075-1090.e6.

127. Jiang X, Saggar H, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV, Kao JC (2020) Structure in neural activity during observed and executed movements is shared at the neural population level, not in single neurons. Cell Reports. 32:108006. pp. 1-14.

126. Even-Chen N*,  Muratore DG*, Stavisky SD, Hochberg LR, Henderson JM, Murmann B**, Shenoy KV** (2020) Power-saving design opportunities for wireless intracortical brain-computer interfaces. Nature Biomedical Engineering. 4:984-996.

​125. Nason SR, Vaskov AK, Willsey MS, Welle EJ, An H, Vu PP, Bullard AJ, Nu CS, Kao JC, Shenoy KV, Jang T, Kim H-S, Blaauw D, Patil PG, CA Chestek (2020) A low-power band of neuronal spiking activity dominated by local single units improves the performance of brain-machine interfaces. Nature Biomedical Engineering.

124. Stavisky SD, Willett FR, Avansino DT, Hochberg LR, Shenoy KV**, Henderson JM** (2020) Speech-related dorsal motor cortex activity does not interfere with iBCI cursor control. Journal of Neural Engineering. 17:016049 (13pp).

123. Vyas S. Golub MD, Sussillo D, Shenoy KV (2020) Computation through neural population dynamics. Annual Review of Neuroscience. 43:249-275.

122. Vyas S, O'Shea DJ, Ryu SI, Sheony KV (2020) Causal role of motor preparation during error-driven learning. Neuron. 106:329-339.

121. Willett FR*, Deo DR*, Avansino DT, Rezaii PG, Hochberg LR, Henderson JM**, Shenoy KV** (2020) Hand knob area of motor cortex in people with tetraplegia represents the whole body in a compositional way. Cell. 181:396–409.

120. Rastogi A, Vargas-Irwin C, Willett F, Abreu J, Crowder DC, Murphy B, Memberg W, Miller J, Sweet J, Walter B, Cash S, Rezaii PG, Franco B, Saab J, Stavisky SD, Shenoy KV**, Henderson J**, Hochberg LR, Kirsch R, Ajiboye AB (2020) Neural representation of observed, imagined, and attempted grasping force in motor cortex of individuals with chronic tetraplegia. Scientific Reports. 10:1429.

119. Williams A, Poole B, Maheswaranathan N, Dhawale AK, Fisher T, Wilson CD, Brann DH, Trautmann E, Ryu SI, Shusterman R, Rinberg D, Ölveczkylveczky BP, Shenoy KV, Ganguli S (2020) Discovering precise temporal patterns in large-scale neural recordings through robust and interpretable time warping. Neuron. 105: 1–14.


118. Stavisky SD,  Willett FR, Wilson GH, Murphy BA, Rezaii PG, Avansino D, Memberg WD, Miller JP, Kirsch RF, Hochberg LR, Ajiboye AB, Druckmann S, Shenoy KV**, Henderson JM** (2019) Neural ensemble dynamics in dorsal motor cortex during speech in people with paralysis. eLife. 8:e46015.

117. Trautmann EM, Stavisky SD, Lahiri S, Ames KC, Kaufman MT, O’Shea DJ, Vyas S, Sun X, Ryu SI, Ganguli S, Shenoy KV (2019) Accurate estimation of neural population dynamics without spike sorting. Neuron. 103:1-17.

​​116. Ames KC, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2019) Simultaneous movement preparation and execution in a last-moment reach correction task. Nature Communications. 10(1):2718.

115. Willett FR, Young DR, Murphy BA, Memberg WD, Blabe CH, Pandarinath C, Stavisky SD, Rezaii PG, Saab J, Walter BL, Sweet JA, Miller JP, Henderson JM, Shenoy KV, Simeral J, Jarosiewicz B, Hochberg LR, Kirsch RF, Ajiboye AB (2019) Principled BCI decoder design and parameter selection using a feedback control model. Scientific Reports. 9(1):8881.

114. Milekovic T, Bacher D, Sarma A, Simeral J, Saab J, Pandarinath C, Yvert B, Sorice B, Blabe C, Oakley E, Tringale K, Eskandar E, Cash S, Shenoy KV, Henderson JM, Hochberg LR, Donoghue JP (2019) Volitional control of single-electrode high gamma local field potentials (LFPs) by people with paralysis. Journal of Neurophysiology. 121:1428-1450.

113. Even-Chen N*, Sheffer B*, Vyas S, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2019) Structure and variability of delay activity in premotor cortex. PLoS Computational Biology. 15(2): e1006808.

112. Wang M*, Montanede C*, Chandrasekaran C, Peixoto D, Shenoy KV** & Kalaska JF** (2019) Macaque dorsal premotor cortex exhibits decision-related activity only when specific stimulus-response associations are known. Nature Communications. 10:1793.

111. Chandrasekaran C*, Bray IE*, Shenoy KV (2019) Frequency shifts and depth dependence of premotor beta band activity during perceptual decision-making. Journal of Neuroscience. 39:1420-1435.

110. Young D, Willett F, Memberg W, Murphy B, Rezaii PG, Walter B, Sweet J, Miller J, Shenoy KV, Hochberg LR, Kirsch R, Ajiboye AB (2019) Closed-loop cortical control of virtual reach and posture using cartesian and joint velocity commands. Journal of Neural Engineering. 16:026011 (14pp).


109. Nuyujukian P*, Sanabria JA*, Saab J*, Pandarinath C, Jarosiewicz B, Blabe C, Franco B, Mernoff ST, Eskandar EN, Simeral JD, Hochberg LR**, Shenoy KV**, Henderson JM** (2018) Cortical control of a tablet computer by people with paralysis. PLoS One. 13:e0204566.

108. Stavisky SD, Kao JC, Nuyujukian P, Pandarinath C, Blabe C, Ryu SI, Hochberg LR, Henderson JM, Shenoy KV (2018) Brain-machine interface cursor position only weakly affects monkey and human motor cortical activity in the absence of arm movements. Scientific Reports.8:1635.7.

107. Pandarinath C, O'Shea DJ, Collins J, Jozefowicz R, Stavisky SD, Kao JC, Trautmann EM, Kaufman MT, Ryu SI, Hochberg LR, Henderson JM, Shenoy KV, Abbott LF, Sussillo D (2018) Inferring single-trial neural population dynamics using sequential auto-encoders. Nature Methods.15:805-815.

106. Williams AH, Kim TH, Wang F, Vyas S, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV, Schnitzer M, Kolda TG, Ganguli S (2018) Unsupervised discovery of demixed, low-dimensional neural dynamics across multiple timescales through tensor components analysis. Neuron.98:1-17.

105. Milekovic T, Sarma A, Bacher D, Simeral J, Saab J, Pandarinath C, Sorice B, Blabe C, Oakley E, Tringale K, Eskandar E, Cash S, Henderson JM, Shenoy KV, Donoghue JP, Hochberg LR (2018) Stable long-term BCI-enabled communication in ALS and locked-in syndrome using LFP signals. Journal of Neurophysiology. 120:343-360.

104. O’Shea DJ*, Kalanithi P*, Ferenczi E, Hsueh B, Chandrasekaran C, Goo W, Diester I, Ramakrishnan C, Kaufman MT, Ryu SI, Yeom KW, Deisseroth K**, Shenoy KV** (2018) Development of an optogenetic toolkit for neural circuit dissection in squirrel monkeys. Scientific Reports. 8:1-20.

103. Vyas S, Even-Chen N, Stavisky SD, Ryu SI,  Nuyujukian P, Shenoy KV (2018) Neural population dynamics underlying motor learning transfer. Neuron. 97: 1-10.

102. O’Shea DJ, Shenoy KV (2018) ERAASR: An algorithm for removing electrical stimulation artifacts from multielectrode array recordings. Journal of Neural Engineering. 15:026020 (17pp).

101. Willett FR, Murphy BA, Young D, Memberg WD, Blabe CH, Pandarinath C, Franco B, Saab J, Walter BL, Sweet JA, Miller JP, Henderson JM, Shenoy KV, Simeral JD, Jarosiewicz B, Hochberg LR, Kirsch RF, Ajiboye AB (2018) A comparison of intention estimation methods for decoder calibration in intracortical brain-computer interfaces. IEEE Transactions in Biomedical Engineering. 65:2066-2078.

100. Even-Chen N, Stavisky SD, Pandarinath C, Nuyujukian P, Blabe CH, Hochberg LR, Henderson* JM, Shenoy* KV (2018) Feasibility of automatic error detect-and-undo system in human intracortical brain-computer interfaces. IEEE Transactions in Biomedical Engineering. 65:1771-1784.

99. Brandman D, Hosman T, Saab J, Burkhart M, Shanahan B, Ciancibello J, Sarma A, Milstein D, Vargas-Irwin C, Franco B, Kelemen J, Blabe C, Murphy B, Young D, Willett F, Pandarinath C, Stavisky S, Kirsch R, Walter B, Ajiboye A, Cash S, Eskandar E, Miller J, Sweet J, Shenoy KV, Henderson JM, Jarosiewicz B, Harrison M, Simeral J, Hochberg, LR (2018) Rapid calibration of an intracortical brain computer interface for people with tetraplegia. Journal of Neural Engineering. 15:026007.


98. Even-Chen N, Stavisky S, Kao J, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2017) Augmenting intracortical brain-machine interface with neurally driven error detectors. Journal of Neural Engineering. 14:066007 (16pp).

97. Chandrasekaran C, Peixoto D, Newsome WT, Shenoy KV (2017) Laminar differences in decision-related neural activity in dorsal premotor cortex. Nature Communications. 8:614.

96. Kao JC, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2017) Leveraging neural dynamics to extend functional lifetime of brain-machine interfaces. Scientific Reports. 7: 7395:1-16.

95. Stavisky SD, Kao JC, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2017) Motor cortical visuomotor feedback activity is initially isolated from downstream targets in output-null neural state space dimensions. Neuron. 95:195-208.

94. Pandarinath C*, Nuyujukian P*, Blabe CH, Sorice B, Saab J, Willett F, Hochberg LR, Shenoy KV**, Henderson JM** (2017) High performance communication by people with paralysis using an intracortical brain-computer interface. eLife. 6:e18554.

93. Willett FR, Murphy B, Memberg W, Blabe C, Pandarinath C, Walter B, Sweet J, Miller J, Henderson JM, Shenoy KV, Hochberg LR, Kirsch R, Ajiboye AB (2017) Signal-independent noise in intracortical brain-computer interfaces causes movement time properties inconsistent with Fitts' law. Journal of Neural Engineering. 14:026010.

92. Stavisky SD, Kao, JC, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2017) Trial-by-trial motor cortical correlates of a rapidly adapting visuomotor internal model. Journal of Neuroscience. 37:1721-1732.

91. Kao JC*, Nuyujukian P*, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2017) A high-performance neural prosthesis incorporating discrete state selection with hidden Markov models. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering. 64:935-945.

90. Nuyujukian P, Kao JC, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2017) A non-human primate brain computer typing interface. Proceedings of the IEEE.105:66-72.

89. Willett F, Pandarinath C, Jarosiewicz B, Murphy B, Memberg W, Blabe C, Saab J, Walter B, Sweet J, Miller J, Henderson J, Shenoy KV, Simeral J, Hochberg LR, Kirsch R, Ajiboye AB. (2017) Feedback control policies employed by people using intracortical brain-computer interfaces. Journal of Neural Engineering. 14:016001 (16pp).

88. O'Shea DJ, Trautmann EM, Chandrasekaran C, Stavisky SD, Kao JC, Sahani M, Ryu SI, Deisseroth K, Shenoy KV (2017) The need for calcium imaging in nonhuman primates: New motor neuroscience and brain-machine interfaces. Experimental Neurology. 287:437-451.


87. Sussillo D*, Stavisky SD*, Kao JC*, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2016) Making brain-machine interfaces robust to future neural variability. Nature Communications. 7:13749.

86. O'Shea DJ, Shenoy KV (2016) The importance of planning in motor learning. Neuron. 92:669-671.

85. Seely J, Kaufman MT, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV, Cunningham JP, Churchland MM (2016) Tensor analysis reveals distinct population structure that parallels the different computational roles of areas M1 and V1. PLoS Computational Biology. 12 (11): e1005164.

84. Kaufman MT, Seely J, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV, Churchland MM (2016) The largest response component in motor cortex reflects movement timing but not movement type. eNeuro. 3(4) e0085-16.2016: 1-25.


83. Jarosiewicz B, Sarma AA, Bacher D, Masse NY, Simeral JD, Sorice B, Oakley EM, Blabe C, Pandarinath C, Gilja V, Cash SS, Eskandar E, Friehs G, Henderson JM, Shenoy KV, Donoghue JP, Hochberg LR (2015) Virtual typing by people with tetraplegia using a self-calibrating intracortical brain-computer interface. Science Translational Medicine. 7:1-10.

82. Gilja V*, Pandarinath C*, Blabe CH, Nuyujukian P, Simeral JD, Sarma AA, Sorice BL, Perge JA, Jarosiewicz B, Hochberg LR, Shenoy KV**, Henderson JM** (2015) Clinical translation of a high performance neural prosthesis. Nature Medicine. 21:1142-1145.

81. Adamantidis A, Arber S, Bains JS, Bamberg E, Bonci A, Buzsáki G, Cardin JA, Costa RM, Dan Y, Goda Y, Graybiel AM, Häusser M, Hegemann P, Huguenard JR, Insel TR, Janak PH, Johnston D, Josselyn SA, Koch C, Kreitzer AC, Lüscher C, Malenka RC, Miesenböck G, Nagel G, Roska B, Schnitzer MJ, Shenoy KV, Soltesz I, Sternson SM, Tsien RW, Tsien RY, Turrigiano GG, Tye KM, Wilson RI (2015) Nature Neuroscience. 18:1202-1212.

80. Kao JC, Nuyujukian P, Cunningham JP, Churchland MM, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2015) Single-trial dynamics of motor cortex and their applications to brain-machine interfaces. Nature Communications. 6:7759.

79. Blabe C, Gilja V, Chestek CA, Shenoy KV, Anderson K, Henderson JM (2015) Assessment of brain-machine interfaces from the perspective of people with paralysis. Journal of Neural Engineering. 12:043002.

78. Pandarinath C, Gilja V, Blabe CH, Nuyujukian P, Sarma AA, Sorice BL, Eskandar EN, Hochberg LR, Henderson JM*, Shenoy KV* (2015) Neural population dynamics in human motor cortex during movements in people with ALS. eLife. 4:e07436.

77. Sussillo D, Churchland MM, Kaufman MT, Shenoy KV (2015) A neural network that finds a naturalistic solution for the production of muscle activity. Nature Neuroscience. 18:1025-1033.

76. Kaufman MT, Churchland MM, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2015) Vacillation, indecision and hesitation in moment-by-moment decoding of monkey motor cortex. eLife. 4:e04677.

75. Stavisky SD, Kao JC, Nuyujukian P, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2015) A high performing brain-machine interface driven by low-frequency local field potentials alone and together with spikes. Journal of Neural Engineering. 12:036009.

74. Christie B, Tat D, Irwin Z, Gilja V, Nuyujukian P, Foster J, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV, Thompson D, Chestek CA (2015) Comparison of spike sorting and thresholding of voltage waveforms for intracortical brain-machine interface performance. Journal of Neural Engineering.12:006019.

73. Nuyujukian P, Fan JM, Kao JC, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2015) A high-performance keyboard neural prosthesis enabled by task optimization. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering. 62:21-29.


72. Nuyujukian P, Kao JC, Fan J, Stavisky S, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2014) Performance sustaining intracortical neural prostheses. Journal of Neural Engineering. 11:066003.

71. Foster JD, Nuyujukian P, Freifeld O, Gao H, Walker R, Ryu SI, Meng TH, Murmann B, Black MJ, Shenoy KV (2014) A freely-moving monkey treadmill model. Journal of Neural Engineering. 11:046020.

70. Bishop WE, Chestek CA, Gilja V, Nuyujukian P, Foster JD, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV, Yu BM (2014) Self-recalibrating classifiers for intracortical brain computer interfaces. Journal of Neural Engineering. 11:026001.

69. Kaufman MT, Churchland MM, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2014) Cortical activity in the null space: permitting preparation without movement. Nature Neuroscience. 17:440-448.

​68. Ames KC, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2014) Neural dynamics of reaching following incorrect or absent motor preparation. Neuron. 81:438-451.

67. Fan JM, Nuyujukian P, Kao JC, Chestek CA, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2014) Intention estimation in brain-machine interfaces. Journal of Neural Engineering. 11:016004.

66. Shenoy KV, Carmena JM (2014) Combining decoder design and neural adaptation in brain-machine interfaces. Neuron. 84:665-680.

65. Kao JC, Stavisky SD, Sussillo D, Nuyujukian P, Shenoy KV (2014) Information systems opportunities in brain-machine interface decoders. Proceedings of the IEEE. 102:666-682.

64. Shenoy KV (2014) Prostheses: hopes & hurdles. Voices article on "Studying circuits with therapy in mind," by Shenoy KV, Mayberg H, Brown P, Delp S, Nirenberg S, Walsh V, Shannon RV. Cell. 156:861-863.


63. Mante V*, Sussillo D*, Shenoy KV, Newsome WT (2013) Context-dependent computation by recurrent dynamics in prefrontal cortex. Nature. 503:78-84.

​​62. Cowley BR, Kaufman MT, Butler ZS, Churchland MM, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV, Yu BM (2013) DataHigh: Graphical user interface for visualizing and interacting with high-dimensional neural activity. Journal of Neural Engineering.10:066012.

61. Kaufman MT, Churchland MM, Shenoy KV (2013) The roles of monkey M1 neuron classes in movement preparation and execution. Journal of Neurophysiology. 110:817-825.

60. Ozden I, Wang J, Lu Y, May T, Lee J, Goo W, O’Shea DJ, Kalanithi P, Diester I, Diagne M, Deisseroth K, Shenoy KV, Nurmikko AV (2013) A Coaxial Optrode As Multifunction Write-Read Probe for Optogenetic Studies in Non-Human Primates. Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 291:142-154.

59. Dethier J*, Nuyujukian P*, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV, Boahen K (2013) Design and validation of a real-time spiking-neural-network decoder for brain-machine interfaces. Journal of Neural Engineering. 10:036008 (12pp).

58. Chestek CA, Gilja V, Blabe CH, Foster BL, Shenoy KV, Parvizi J, Henderson JM (2013) Hand posture classification using electrocorticography signals in the gamma band over human sensorimotor brain areas. Journal of Neural Engineering. 10:02602 (11pp).

57. Shenoy KV, Sahani M, Churchland MM (2013) Cortical control of arm movements: A dynamical systems perspective. Annual Review of Neuroscience. 36:337-359.


56. Gilja V*, Nuyujukian P*, Chestek CA, Cunningham JP, Yu BM, Fan JM, Churchland MM, Kaufman MT, Kao JC, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2012) A high-performance neural prosthesis enabled by control algorithm design. Nature Neuroscience. 15:1752-1757.

54. Churchland MM*, Cunningham JP*, Kaufman MT, Foster JD, Nuyujukian P, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2012) Neural population dynamics during reaching. Nature. 487:51-56.

53. Gao H, Walker RM, Nuyujukian P, Makinwa KAA, Shenoy KV, Murmann B, Meng TH (2012) HermesE: A 96-channel full data rate direct neural interface in 0.13 um CMOS. IEEE Journal of Solid State Circuits. 47:1043-1054.

52. Zhao M, Batista AP, Cunningham JP, Chestek CA, Rivera-Alvidrez Z, Kalmar R, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV, Iyengar S (2012) An L1-regularized logistic model for detecting short-term neuronal interactions. Journal of Computational Neuroscience. 32:479-497.

51. Sussillo D, Nuyujukian P, Fan JM, Kao JC, Stavisky SD, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2012) A recurrent neural network for closed-loop intracortical brain-machine interface decoders. Journal of Neural Engineering. 9:026027.

50. Shenoy KV, Nurmikko AV (2012) Brain models enabled by next-generation neurotechnology. Pulse Magazine, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. 3: 31-36.

49. Schnitzer JJ (2012) 2010 DARPA neural engineering, science, and technology forum [Guest Editorial]. Pulse Magazine, IEEE EMBS. 3:10.


48. Afshar A, Santhanam G, Yu BM, Ryu SI, Sahani M*, Shenoy KV* (2011) Single-trial neural correlates of arm movement preparation. Neuron. 71:555-564.

​47.Chestek CA, Gilja V, Nuyujukian P, Foster JD, Fan JM, Kaufman MT, Churchland MM, Rivera-Alvidrez Z, Cunningham JP, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2011) Long-term stability of neural prosthetic control signals from silicon cortical arrays in rhesus macaque motor cortex. Journal of Neural Engineering. 8:045005.

46. O'Driscoll S, Shenoy KV, Meng TH (2011) Adaptive resolution ADC array for an implantable neural sensor. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems. 5:120-130.

45. Cunningham JP, Nuyujukian P, Gilja V, Chestek CA, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2011) A closed-loop human simulator for investigating the role of feedback-control in brain-machine interfaces. Journal of Neurophysiology. 105:1932-1949.

44. Diester I, Kaufman MT, Mogri M, Pashaie R, Goo W, Yizhar O, Ramakrishnan C, Deisseroth K, Shenoy KV (2011) An optogenetic toolbox designed for primates. Nature Neuroscience. 14:387-397.

43. Gilja V, Chestek CA, Diester I, Henderson JM, Deisseroth K, Shenoy KV (2011) Challenges and opportunities for next-generation intra-cortically based neural prostheses. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering. 58:1891-1899.


42. Churchland MM, Cunningham JP, Kaufman MT, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2010) Cortical preparatory activity: Representation of movement or first cog in a dynamical machine? Neuron. 68:387-400.

41. Kaufman MT, Churchland MM, Santhanam G, Yu BM, Afshar A, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2010) The roles of monkey premotor neuron classes in movement preparation and execution. Journal of Neurophysiology. 104:799-810.

40. Miranda H, Gilja V, Chestek CA, Shenoy KV, Meng TH (2010) HermesD: A high-rate long-range wireless transmission system for simultaneous multichannel neural recording applications. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems. 4:181-191.

39. Churchland MM*, Yu BM*, Cunningham JP, Sugrue LP, Cohen MR, Corrado GS, Newsome WT, Clark AM, Hosseini P, Scott BB, Bradley DC, Smith MA, Kohn A, Movshon JA, Armstrong KM, Moore T, Chang SW, Snyder LH, Lisberger SG, Priebe NJ, Finn IM, Ferster D, Ryu SI, Santhanam G, Sahani M, Shenoy KV (2010) Stimulus onset quenches neural variability: a widespread cortical phenomenon. Nature Neuroscience. 13:369-378.

38. Gilja V*, Chestek CA*, Nuyujukian P, Foster JD, Shenoy KV (2010) Autonomous head-mounted electrophysiology systems for freely-behaving primates. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 20:676-686.


37. Cunningham JP, Gilja V, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2009) Methods for estimating neural firing rates and their application to brain-machine interfaces. Neural Networks, special issue on brain-machine interfaces. 22:1235-1246.

36. Chestek CA*, Gilja V*, Nuyujukian P, Kier R, Solzbacher F, Ryu SI, Harrison RA, Shenoy KV (2009) HermesC: Low-power wireless neural recording system for freely moving primates. IEEE Transactions in Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, special issue on wireless neurotechnology. 17:330-338.

35. Harrison RR, Kier RJ, Chestek CA, Gilja V, Nuyujukian P, Ryu SI, Gregor B, Solzbacher F, Shenoy KV (2009) Wireless neural recording with single low-power integrated circuit. IEEE Transactions in Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, special issue on wireless neurotechnology. 17:322-329.

34. Santhanam G, Yu BM, Gilja V, Afshar A, Ryu SI, Sahani M, Shenoy KV (2009) Factor-analysis methods for higher-performance neural prostheses. Journal of Neurophysiology. 102:1315-1330.

33. Yu BM, Cunningham JP, Santhanam G, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV*, Sahani M* (2009) Gaussian-process factor analysis for low-dimensional single-trial analysis of neural population activity. Journal of Neurophysiology. 102:614-635.

32. Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2009) Human cortical prostheses: Lost in translation? Neurosurgical Focus, special issue on advances in brain-machine interfaces, Parag Patil guest editor. 27:E5.


31. Cunningham JP, Yu BM, Gilja V, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2008) Toward optimal target placement for neural prosthetic devices. Journal of Neurophysiology. 100:3445-3457.

30. Kemere C, Santhanam G, Yu BM, Afshar A, Ryu SI, Meng TH, Shenoy KV (2008) Detecting neural state transitions using hidden Markov models for motor cortical prostheses. Journal of Neurophysiology. 100:2441-2452.

29. Batista AP, Yu BM, Santhanam G, Ryu SI, Afshar A, Shenoy KV (2008) Cortical neural prosthesis performance improves when eye position is monitored. IEEE Transactions in Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering. 16:24-31.

28. Linderman MD, Santhanam G, Kemere CT, Gilja V, O'Driscoll S, Yu BM, Afshar A, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV, Meng TH (2008) Signal processing challenges for neural prostheses. IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, special issue on brain-computer interfaces. 25:18-28.


​27. Santhanam G*, Linderman MD*, Gilja V, Afshar A, Ryu SI, Meng TH, Shenoy KV (2007) HermesB: A continuous neural recording system for freely behaving primates. IEEE Transactions in Biomedical Engineering. 54:2037-2050.

26. Chestek CA*, Batista AP*, Santhanam G, Yu BM, Afshar A, Cunningham JP, Gilja V, Ryu SI, Churchland MM, Shenoy KV (2007) Single-neuron stability during repeated reaching in macaque premotor cortex. Journal of Neuroscience. 27:10742-10750.

25. Achtman N*, Afshar A*, Santhanam G, Yu BM, Ryu SI, Shenoy KV (2007) Free-paced high-performance brain-computer interfaces. Journal of Neural Engineering. 4:336-347.

24. Batista AP, Santhanam G, Yu BM, Ryu SI, Afshar A, Shenoy KV (2007) Reference frames for reach planning in macaque dorsal premotor cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology. 98:966-983.

23. Churchland MM, Shenoy KV (2007) Temporal complexity and heterogeneity of single-neuron activity in premotor and motor cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology. 97:4235-4257.

22. Yu BM, Kemere C, Santhanam G, Afshar A, Ryu SI, Meng TH, Sahani M*, Shenoy KV* (2007) Mixture of trajectory models for neural decoding of goal-directed movements. Journal of Neurophysiology. 97:3763-3780.

21. Churchland MM, Shenoy KV (2007) Delay of movement caused by disruption of cortical preparatory activity. Journal of Neurophysiology. 97:348-359.

20. Churchland MM, Yu BM, Sahani M, Shenoy KV (2007) Techniques for extracting single-trial activity patterns from large-scale neural recordings. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, special issue on new technologies. 17:609-618.


19. Churchland MM, Afshar A, Shenoy KV (2006) A central source of movement variability. Neuron. 52:1085-1096.

18. Churchland MM, Santhanam G, Shenoy KV (2006) Preparatory activity in premotor and motor cortex reflects the speed of the upcoming reach. Journal of Neurophysiology. 96:3130-3146.

​17. Santhanam G*, Ryu SI*, Yu BM, Afshar A, Shenoy KV (2006) A high-performance brain-computer interface. Nature. 442:195-198.

16. ​Churchland MM, Yu BM, Ryu SI, Santhanam G, Shenoy KV (2006) Neural variability in premotor cortex provides a signature of motor preparation. Journal of Neuroscience. 26(14):3697-3712.


15. Zumsteg ZS, Kemere C, O'Driscoll S, Santhanam G, Ahmed RE, Shenoy KV, Meng TH (2005) Power feasibility of implantable digital spike sorting circuits for neural prosthetic systems. IEEE Transactions in Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering. 13:272-279.


14. Kemere C, Shenoy KV, Meng TH (2004) Model-based neural decoding of reaching movements: a maximum likelihood approach. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering. 51:925-932.


13. Shenoy KV, Meeker D, Cao S, Kureshi SA, Pesaran B, Mitra P, Buneo C A, Batista AP, Burdick JW, Andersen RA (2003) Neural prosthetic control signals from plan activity. NeuroReport. 14:591-596.


12. Shenoy KV, Crowell JA, Andersen RA (2002) Pursuit-Speed Compensation in Cortical Area MSTd. Journal of Neurophysiology. 88:2630-2647.

11. Sugihara H, Murakami I, Shenoy KV, Andersen RA, Komatsu H (2002) Response of MSTd neurons to simulated 3D-orientation of rotating planes. Journal of Neurophysiology. 87:273-285.


10. Shenoy KV, Bradley DC, Andersen RA (1999) Influence of gaze rotation on the visual response of primate MSTd neurons. Journal of Neurophysiology. 81:2764-2786.


9. Crowell JA, Banks MS, Shenoy KV, Andersen RA (1998) Visual self-motion perception during head turns. Nature Neuroscience. 1:732-737.


8. Wang H, Luo J, Shenoy KV, Fonstad Jr. CG, Psaltis D (1997) Monolithic integration of SEEDs and VLSI GaAs circuits by epitaxy on electronics. IEEE Photonic Technology Letters. 9:607-609.


7. Bradley DC, Maxwell M, Andersen RA, Banks MS, Shenoy KV (1996) Neural mechanisms for heading perception in primate visual cortex. Science. 273:1544-1547.

​​6. Braun EK, Shenoy KV, Fonstad Jr. CG, Mikkelson JM (1996) Elevated temperature stability of GaAs digital integrated circuits. IEEE Electron Device Letters. 17:37-39.


5. Shenoy KV, Fonstad Jr. CG, Grot AC, Psaltis D (1995) Monolithic optoelectronic circuit design and fabrication by epitaxial growth on commercial VLSI GaAs MESFETs. IEEE Photonic Technology Letters. 7:508-510.


4. Grot AC, Psaltis D, Shenoy KV, Fonstad Jr. CG (1994) Integration of LEDs and GaAs circuits by MBE regrowth. IEEE Photonic Technology Letters. 6:819-821.

3. Shenoy KV, Fonstad Jr. CG, Mikkelson JM (1994) High temperature stability of refractory-metal VLSI GaAs MESFETs. IEEE Electron Device Letters. 15:106-108.

2. McGrann JV, Shaw GL, Shenoy KV, Matthews RB (1994) Computation by symmetry operations in a highly structured model of the brain. Physical Review E. 49:5830-5839.


1. Shenoy KV, Kaufman J, McGrann JV, Shaw GL (1993) Learning by selection in the Trion model of cortical organization. Cerebral Cortex. 3:239-248.

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